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Understand the Context
"The truth is out there "
Fallacies and Arguments
Understand the Context
Quotes - Quotes are often misleading or out of context, and there is a great traffic in fake quotes. Be suspicious if an article is based primarily on quotes, especially if there are ellipses (...) in the quotes. These are often used skillfully to make the speaker seem to say the opposite of what they really said. Thus, for example, Noam Chomsky could make it seem that Anthony Lewis wrote that Yitzhak Rabin wanted a Palestine that was poor and small, by selective quoting and creative use of ellipses. Others have made it seem that Moshe Dayan said that all the land settled by Jews was stolen from the Arabs, by omitting the phrase in his speech where he specifically noted that the land had been purchased. Words change their meaning and connotations over time. "Colonialism" is a "very bad" word today. 120 years ago it was quite acceptable in Western society. Colonialists were the good guys, and colonists were brave pioneers.
Understanding the Cultural Context
Words and concepts that are translated the same way may have different meanings in different society. "People" (or community, Ouma) as in "Arabic Nation" or "Palestinian people" (Shaabi Filistiniyeh) does not have the same meaning as "people" as in "British people." There is an Arabic Ouma and a Muslim Ouma. There can be a British nation or people and an American people or a French people. There is no Christian people. "Arabic nationalism - a concept that embraces a number of sub-nations, doesn't mean the same thing as British nationalism or peoplehood. Separation of Church and State means something else in Europe were many states were born and separated from the same religion, and in the Middle East, where peoples and states were inextricably connected with religion. Cultural pluralism is the norm in Europe and the Americas. In the Middle East, societies and cultures are segmented. The differences in concepts and cultures can too easily be used to show that Middle Eastern cultures are "undemocratic" - because they don't institute the same sort of separation of church and state as exists in Western democracies, or "Apartheid" because they do not foster integration of cultures as is done in the West.
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MidEastWeb History of Israel Palestine and the Middle East Conflict conflict
MidEastWeb Middle East News, Views, Maps and History
Zionism Definition and Brief History A balanced article that covers the definitions and history of Zionism as well as opposition to Zionism and criticisms by Arabs, Jewish antiZionists.
Labor Zionism History and Critique Contribution of Labor Zionism to the creation of the Jewish state, and problems of Labor Zionism in a changing reality.
Concise Guide to IsraeliZionist CyberSpace
Israel-Palestina (Dutch) Middle East Conflict, Israel, Palestine,Zionism... Israël-Palestina Informatie gids Israël, Palestijnen en Midden-Oosten conflict... Israeli-Palestinian conflict from a European perspective Dutch and English.
English Israel-Palestine.info Guide to the Middle East Conflict (Peace, Zionism, antiSemitism ...)
Active Zionism A Zionist advocacy site with many useful links
PEACE Watch Middle East Dialog and Peace Process
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