Biography - Leon (Yehuda - Lieb) Pinsker
After more than a decade of thought, and following more serious, government-inspired violence, Pinsker traveled to Europe where he tried unsuccessfully to popularize the idea that Jews need to organize a national movement, he returned to Odessa, where he wrote Selbstemanzipation (Auto-Emancipation) . The essay declared that Jews would never be the social equals of gentiles as long as they did not have a state of their own, and called for a meeting of Jewish leaders to consider the problem. Pinsker was willing to settle for a Jewish homeland in a country other than Palestine. The pamphlet was initially ignored. But following a series of pogroms, it attracted attention at least in Russia, and Pinsker was subsequently chosen to head the Chovevei Tzion (Lovers of Zion) movement that was organized in Russia to unite a network of underground Zionist study circles.
Pinsker died in Russia in 1891. His remains were brought to Palestine in 1934 and reburied in The Cave of Nicanor near to Mount Scopus in Jerusalem. The yishuv of Nahalat Yehudah near Rishon Lezion is named after him, as well as streets in several towns in Israel.
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Zionism - Definition and Brief History - A balanced article that covers the definitions and history of Zionism as well as opposition to Zionism and criticisms by Arabs, Jewish anti-Zionists.
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