Zionism - Israeli Flag

Zionism and Israel - Biographies

Moshe Dayan

Moshe Dayan

Moshe Dayan Moshe Dayan (Born May 20, 1915; died  October 16,1981) was Israel military commander and statesman. He was born in KvutzathDegania, and grew up  in Moshav Nahalal. He  joined the Haganah underground defense force at age 14. He served in Orde Wingate's Special Night Squads (SNS). Moshe Dayan was arrested in 1939, together with 42 comrades for participating in an illegal Haganah officers' course, and was sentenced to ten years' imprisonment in Acco prison. Released in the amnesty of  1941, he joined a British army unit and lost an eye in a battle with Vichy (French) forces in Lebanon.

During the Israel War of Independence (1948), Moshe Dayan commanded the defense of Jewish settlements in the Jordan Valley, and oversaw the capture of Lydda.  In August 1948 he was appointed commander of the Jerusalem front. After the war he played a leading role in the cease-fire talks between Israel and Jordan and signed the armistice maps. In December 1953 he became chief of staff of the IDF. Together with David Ben-Gurion he adopted an "activist" policy. Dayan was convinced that the Egyptians were planning an invasion of Israel, as evidenced by their large arms purchase deal with Czechoslovakia and constant terror harassment from Gaza. He helped to plan the 1956 Suez invasion, and brilliantly executed the conquest of the Sinai peninsula in the Sinai Campaign of 1956. Dayan left the army in 1958. In 1959 he was elected to the Knesset as a member of the ruling Mapai (Labor) party, and served as Minister of Agriculture.

In October 1964, following a difference of opinion with Prime Minister Levi Eshkol, he resigned his post in the government, and joined the Rafi political party formed by David Ben-Gurion. A year later he was elected to the sixth Knesset as a member of Rafi. Rafi subsequently returned to the Labor party. During the crisis proceeding the Six day war in June 1967, Dayan was appointed Minister of Defense. Much of the world identified Dayan with the brilliant victory one by the IDF in that war. After the war, Dayan was appointed to administer the territories occupied by the Israel army. He conducted a policy of relatively liberal military government, opening the borders to trade and travel between the occupied territories and Arab countries. However, he refused to allow self-government as requested by a delegation of notables in 1967. Dayan initially opened the conquered territories for settlement by Israelis, but later regretted it.

In 1973, despite repeated intelligence warnings, Moshe Dayan refused to believe the Egyptians were preparing for war, and in the final days before the Yom Kippur War he made the decision not to call out the reserves in full force. The Egyptian army attacked Israel and the IDF proved itself unready. Dayan suffered heavy criticism for not being prepared for the Arab attack and after the war left the Ministry of Defense. Although elected to the Ninth Knesset (1977) as a Labor party member, he served as foreign minister in the Likud government of Menachem Begin  until 1980.

In May 1977, Moshe Dayan began negotiations with the Egyptians for a peace treaty. He lead the negotiations and helped win Israeli government support for concessions.  He met with the Egyptians first at Leeds Castle and later at Camp David under US tutelage. The Camp David Accords peace agreement was drawn up and signed at 11 p.m. on Sunday September 17, 1978.

By 1979, Dayan  had come to see the construction of further settlements was an error, and became committed to peace. Disagreeing with Begin, he resigned from the government.  In 1981, he formed the Telem party, which  advocated unilateral disengagement from the territories occupied in 1967. The party received only two mandates in the  elections of 1981.

On May 14, 1979, Moshe Dayan was diagnosed with colon cancer. He died on October 16, 1981, in Tel Aviv and was buried in Nahalal, the moshav where he was raised.

 Dayan wrote four books:

Diary of the Sinai Campaign (1966),

Mappah Hadasha-Yahasim Aherim (1969) (New Map, Different Relations) on problems after the Six-Day War,

Moshe Dayan: Story of My Life (1976)

Breakthrough: A Personal Account of the Egypt-Israel Peace Negotiations (1981).

 

More Israeli and Zionist Biographies The Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Zionism and Israel

External Zionism Links

This site provides resources about Zionism and Israeli history, including links to source documents. We are not responsible for the information content of these sites. These links are NOT intended to be an exhaustive reference about Zionism, but the list will keep growing...

Please tell us about your favorite links and we will review them for inclusion.

Please do copy these links to your Web site and tell your friends about  http://www.zionism-israel.com Zionism and Israel Information Center

 Thank you.

Please link to us and to  our Sister Web sites -    Zionism Pages  and Zionism and Israel On the Web

Wikipedia article about Zionism - A comprehensive article including the history ofZionism>  as well as links to specific topics and articles about anti-Zionism.

Zionism - Table of contents at the Jewish Virtual Library

Zionism article at Infoplease

Zionism - Definition and Brief History - A balanced article that covers the definitions and history of Zionism as well as opposition to Zionism and criticisms by Arabs,  Jewish anti-Zionists.

Labor Zionism - Early History and Critique- Contribution of Labor Zionism to the creation of the Jewish state, and problems of Labor Zionism in a changing reality.

The US Library of congress has a comprehensive and balanced set of articles about Zionism:

Zionist Precursors - US Library of Congress

Political Zionism - US Library of Congress

Cultural Zionism - US Library of Congress

Labor Zionism - US Library of Congress

Revisionist Zionism - US Library of Congress

Jewish Agency Zionism pages - Links to basic information about Zionism from the Jewish Agency

Ambassador Herzog explains Zionism in the UN

Advocacy

Active Zionism - A Zionist advocacy site with many useful links

Israel-Palestina - (Dutch) Middle East Conflict, Israel, Palestine,Zionism... Israël-Palestina Informatie -gids Israël, Zionisme, Palestijnen en Midden-Oosten conflict... Israeli-Palestinian conflict from a European perspective - Dutch and English.

 ZioNation - Zionism-Israel Web Log    Zionism & Israel News  Israel: like this, as if Albert Einstein Bible History of Zionism Zionism FAQ Zionism Israel Center Maps of Israel Jew Israel Advocacy Zionism and its Impact Israel Christian Zionism Site Map Albert Einstein

Moshe Dayan