Hadash - (Hebrew acronym for 'Hazit Democratit Leshalom ul'Shivyon - The Democratic Front for Peace and Equality, literally, "new") An alliance of the Israel Communist Party and other factions. Maki, the Israel Communist Party has undergone numerous transformations in its long history. Hadash is the current political arm of Maki, having evolved from Rakach and associated itself with various Arab factions (including lately, Balad and Ta'al). Hadash remains associated with Maki, the " Israel communist party. Hadash generally has 2-3 representatives in the Knesset. It had 3 representatives in the 16th Knesset (2003-2006). Prominent MKs in recent years include Muhamed Barakeh and Tamar Gozhansky. Hadash was founded in 1977 by Meir Vilner of Rakach and others. Vilner and Goshansky had impressive and respectable records as parliamentarians and as MKs who were active in advancing constructive social legislation. Barakeh and Vilner tend (ed) to polemics in their speeches, which were often the occasion for vigorous heckling and unparliamentary behavior by others.
The main points of the Hadash platform (2003) include:
Peace - Israel returns to borders of June 1967 and an Arab state is set up alongside Israel. Palestinian refugees can choose to return to Israel or receive compensation.
Zionism - Hadash is anti-Zionist.
Israeli Arabs - Israeli Arabs become equal citizens of the state of Israel in all respects, but not including army service. Hadash advocates a binational state.
Women's rights - Hadash fights for women's rights and equality, including equal opportunity legislation.
Basic Law - Hadash strives to enact basic laws separating religion and state, and laws guaranteeing the rights of individuals. Hadash strives to repeal the emergency laws and administrative arrest.
Workers rights and social legislation - Hadash fights for workers' rights and social legislation, welfare programs, better unemployment and the minimum wage. Hadash will strive to protect the independence of National Insurance (social security).
Environment - Hadash will fight to enact and enforce environmental laws and protect the environment.
WMD - Hadash will fight for Israel to join the nuclear non-proliferation treaty and will work for agreements to outlaw weapons of mass destruction.
Synonyms and alternate spellings: Chadash, Hadash-Balad, Hadash-Ta'al
Hebrew/Arabic pronunciation and transliteration conventions:
'H - ('het) a guttural sound made deep in the throat. To Western ears it may sound like the "ch" in loch. In Arabic there are several letters that have similar sounds. Examples: 'hanukah, 'hamas, 'haredi. Formerly, this sound was often represented by ch, especially in German transliterations of Hebrew. Thus, 'hanukah is often rendered as Chanuka for example.
ch - (chaf) a sound like "ch" in loch or the Russian Kh as in Khruschev or German Ach, made by putting the tongue against the roof of the mouth. In Hebrew, a chaf can never occur at the beginning of a word. At the beginning of a word, it has a dot in it and is pronounced "Kaf."
u - usually between oo as in spoon and u as in put.
a- sounded like a in arm
ah- used to represent an a sound made by the letter hey at the end of a word. It is the same sound as a. Haganah and Hagana are alternative acceptable transliterations.
'a-notation used for Hebrew and Arabic ayin, a guttural ah sound.
o - close to the French o as in homme.
th - (taf without a dot) - Th was formerly used to transliterate the Hebrew taf sound for taf without a dot. However in modern Hebrew there is no detectable difference in standard pronunciation of taf with or without a dot, and therefore Histadruth and Histadrut, Rehovoth and Rehovot are all acceptable.
q- (quf) - In transliteration of Hebrew and Arabic, it is best to consistently use the letter q for the quf, to avoid confusion with similar sounding words that might be spelled with a kaf, which should be transliterated as K. Thus, Hatiqva is preferable to Hatikva for example.
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