PFLP-GC - ( Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine- General Command) (al-Qiyada al-'amma) - A group that split from the PFLP in 1968. to focus more on fighting and less on politics. Led by Ahmad Jibril, a former captain in the Syrian Army. Closely tied to both Syria and Iran.
Details - Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command: established by Ahmad Jibril and Ahmad Za’rur in October 1968 in split from PFLP, again splitting in ‘68 between twp founders, with latter forming Organization of Arab Palestine. Participated in PLO-CC meetings, but only joined PNC and PLO-EC in 1974. Jibril’s PFLP-GC has always been pro-Syria (such as support for Syria’s intervention in Lebanon in 1976). Libyan aid from 1969, but declined due to internal divisions from Sept 70; regained prominence with Qiryat Shmona raid of Apr 74; brought in more Libyan and Iraqi aid.
Desire for reconciliation with Syria, however, led it to support June 74 PNC resolution. Support for the resolution was later retracted due to dissent within organization, and it joined the Rejectionist Front. With increased dispute between Palestinian groups after Camp David, PF-GC became main conduit for Libyan aid. Joined Fatah-Uprising in ‘83, leaving PLO (and excluded from Nov84 PNC); member of National Alliance and PNSF. Gained in popularity in occupied territories with its popular radio program Al-Quds, broadcast from Southern Syria during intifada. From 1989, cultivated ties with Iran, attending Islamic conference in Tehran in Dec 90. Later it joined the Damascus 10 ("refusal front"), but participates in National and Islamic Front. Has used innovative means of attacks on Israel, such as the Nov 87 attack on Israeli army base by hand glider (killing 6 Israeli soldiers), and its capture of an Israeli soldier in 1978 and subsequent exchange for 83 Palestinian prisoners: these acts won it respect; it has a well developed presence in Lebanon, but has failed to hold on to support in occupied territories. Deputy secretary-general is Talal Naji, who is now effectively the leader. Other main leaders have included Abu-l-Abbas (spokesman), ‘Abd al-Fattah Ghanim (both of whom left to establish PLF), Abu Husam (Libyan representative), Fadl Shrur.
Source: Palestinian Parties
Synonyms and alternate spellings:
Further Information: Palestinian Parties
Hebrew/Arabic pronunciation and transliteration conventions:
'H - ('het) a guttural sound made deep in the throat. To Western ears it may sound like the "ch" in loch. In Arabic there are several letters that have similar sounds. Examples: 'hanukah, 'hamas, 'haredi. Formerly, this sound was often represented by ch, especially in German transliterations of Hebrew. Thus, 'hanukah is often rendered as Chanuka for example.
ch - (chaf) a sound like "ch" in loch or the Russian Kh as in Khruschev or German Ach, made by putting the tongue against the roof of the mouth. In Hebrew, a chaf can never occur at the beginning of a word. At the beginning of a word, it has a dot in it and is pronounced "Kaf."
u - usually between oo as in spoon and u as in put.
a- sounded like a in arm
ah- used to represent an a sound made by the letter hey at the end of a word. It is the same sound as a. Haganah and Hagana are alternative acceptable transliterations.
'a-notation used for Hebrew and Arabic ayin, a guttural ah sound.
o - close to the French o as in homme.
th - (taf without a dot) - Th was formerly used to transliterate the Hebrew taf sound for taf without a dot. However in modern Hebrew there is no detectable difference in standard pronunciation of taf with or without a dot, and therefore Histadruth and Histadrut, Rehovoth and Rehovot are all acceptable.
q- (quf) - In transliteration of Hebrew and Arabic, it is best to consistently use the letter q for the quf, to avoid confusion with similar sounding words that might be spelled with a kaf, which should be transliterated as K. Thus, Hatiqva is preferable to Hatikva for example.
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