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Degel Hatorah Party Definition

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Degel Hatorah Party - A Litvak (Lithuanian) ultra-orthodox Haredi party, established under the spiritual leadership of Rabbi Eliezer Menahem Shach before the elections of the Twelfth Knesset (1988). Its leader is Rabbi Avraham Ravitz. The party received two Knesset seats and joined the National Unity government without a portfolio. In the elections to the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Knesset, the party ran on a joint list called United Torah Judaism with Agudath Yisrael, the Hassidic Haredi  party. Before the elections for the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Knesset, the joint parliamentary groups split into their separate parties in order to benefit from separate party financing. The party is mainly interested in financing for its schools and religious institutions and in promoting enforcement of religious law as state law. It has a more dovish or indifferent foreign policy as compared to Agudath Yisrael.

Synonyms and alternate spellings:

Further Information:   Israeli Political Parties

Hebrew/Arabic pronunciation and transliteration conventions:

'H - ('het) a guttural sound made deep in the throat. To Western ears it may sound like the "ch" in loch. In Arabic there are several letters that have similar sounds. Examples: 'hanukah, 'hamas, 'haredi. Formerly, this sound was often represented by ch, especially in German transliterations of Hebrew. Thus, 'hanukah is often rendered as Chanuka for example.

ch - (chaf) a sound like "ch" in loch or the Russian Kh as in Khruschev or German Ach, made by putting the tongue against the roof of the mouth. In Hebrew, a chaf can never occur at the beginning of a word. At the beginning of a word, it has a dot in it and is pronounced "Kaf."

u - usually between oo as in spoon and u as in put.

a- sounded like a in arm

ah- used to represent an a sound made by the letter hey at the end of a word. It is the same sound as a. Haganah and Hagana are alternative acceptable transliterations.

'a-notation used for Hebrew and Arabic ayin, a guttural ah sound.

o - close to the French o as in homme.

th - (taf without a dot) - Th was formerly used to transliterate the Hebrew taf sound for taf without a dot. However in modern Hebrew there is no detectable difference in standard pronunciation of taf with or without a dot, and therefore Histadruth and Histadrut, Rehovoth and Rehovot are all acceptable.

q- (quf) - In transliteration of Hebrew and Arabic, it is best to consistently use the letter q for the quf, to avoid confusion with similar sounding words that might be spelled with a kaf, which should be transliterated as K. Thus, Hatiqva is preferable to Hatikva for example.

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