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Zionism and Israel

Encyclopedia and Dictionary

Frames Version of the Dictionary

6-day war

A land without a people for a people without a land

Aaronsohn, Aaron

Aaronsohn, Sarah

Absorption

Achad Haam

Achdut Ha'avoda

ADL

Agranat Commission

Agora

Agudath Yisrael

Ahdut Ha'avoda

Ahuzat Bayit

Al Andalus

Alawi

Alignment Party

Aliya

Aliya Bet

Aliyat Hanoar

Aliyot

Alkalai, Rabbi Yehudah  

Alliance Israelite Universelle

Alphabet, Hebrew

Al-Qaeda

Al-Quds

Al-Saiqa

Altalena

Altneuland

Amit, Meir

Andreas of Rinn (Blood Libel)

Anielewicz, Mordechai

Anti-Semitism

Anti-Zionism

Arab Jews

Arab Democratic Party

Arab Higher Committee

Arab League

Arab Legion

Arab Revolt

Arafat, Yasser

Armleder

Aseifat Nivharim

Ashkenazic Jews, (Ashkenazy)

Autonomism (Jewish)

Avigur, Shaul

Avivim School Bus Massacre

Avoda Ivrit

Ayin Operation

Ba'ath party

Bab El Wad

Babi Yar

Bahai

Balad Party

Balfour Declaration

Bar Kochba

Bar Kokhba

Barak, Ehud

Baruch, Mehereta

Basic Laws

Battle of Degania

Battle of Mishmar Ha'emek

Battle of Negba

Battle of Nirim

Battle of Yad Mordechai

BCE

Begin, Menachem

Beit Yisrael Massacre

Ben-Aharon, Yitzhak i

Benjamin of Tudela

Ben Yehuda, Eliezer

Ben Yehuda Street Bombing

Ben Zvi, Yitzhak (Izhak Ben Tzvi) President of Israel

Beriha

Bermuda Conference

Bernadotte Plan

Betar

Bialik, Chaim Nachman

Bilal ibn Rabah Mosque

BILU

Biltmore Conference

Biltmore Program

binational State

Birobidjan

Black Death, massacres of Jews

blood libel

blood libel, Andreas of Rinn

blood libel, Simon of Trent

Bnai Brith

Bnei Akiva

Bodenheimer, Max

Borochov, Ber

Brandeis, Louis Dembitz

Brenner, Yosef Haim ( Joseph Chaim Brenner)

Brit Shalom

British Mandate for Palestine

Buber, Martin

Bund

Burma Road

burqa

Cahena, Diah

Cailingold, Esther

Cast Lead (Operation Cast Lead) (Gaza war)

Camp David

CE

Center Party (Merkaz)

certificates

Ch

Chabad

Chanuka

Chanukia

Chovevei Tzion

Christian Zionism

Citizens Rights Movement Party - Ratz

Coastal Road Massacre

Conquest of Labor

Converso

Conservative Judaism

Copt

Crusades, Massacres of Jews in

Cultural Zionism

Dar el Harb

Dar el Islam

Davidka

Dayan, Moshe 

Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Principles

Defensive Shield

Degania (Battle of Degania)

Degel Hatorah

Democratic Movement for Change (Dash, Democratic Change Party)

Der Judenstaat

Desecration of the host

Development Towns

DFLP

Dhimmi

Diah Cahena

Diaspora

Disengagement

Dolphinarium Discotheque massacre

DOP

Dreyfus Affair

Druze

Eban, Abba

Eid

Einstein, Albert

Eretz Yisrael

Eretz Yisrael Hashleima

Eshkol, Levi

Espinoza, Benedict

Ethiopian Jews

Etzel

Evian Conference

Exodus

Falasha

Falash Mura

Farhud

Fatah

Fatwa

Feinberg, Avshalom

Fifth Aliya

First Aliya

Flavius, Josephus

Fourth Aliya

Focus (Operation)

Gadna

Gahal (Gachal) Party

Galut

G'dud Ha'avodah

Gdud Haivri

General Zionists

Gesher (Battle)

Golah

Golan heights

Glubb Pasha (John Bagot Glubb)

Ghetto

Gordon, Aaron David (A.D.)

Grand Mufti Hajj Amin Al Husseini Grand Mufti Hajj Amin El Husseini)

Greater Syria

Gush Emunim

Gush Etzion

Ha'apalah

Habad

Habonim

Hadash Political party

Hadassah

Hadassah ConvoyS Massacre

Ha Lachma Aniah

Hadith

Hagadah

Haganah

Hagdud Haivri

Haggadah

Hajj Amin Al Husseini (Hajj Amin El Husseini)

Hajj

Halachah

Halal

Halevi, Yehuda

Halukah

Halutz

Hamas

Hankin, Yehoshua

Hanukkah

Hanukkiya

Hapoel Hatzair

Haram

Haredi

Hashomer

Hashomer Hatzair

Haskalah

Hatiqvah (Hatikva)

HeBe'iyar

Hebrew language, grammar and pronunciation

Hechalutz

Helsingfors Program

Hep_Hep Riots

Herut

Hesder

Hesronot Shas

Hess, Moses

Herzl, Theodor

Herzog, Chaim

Hezbollah

Hezbollah Attack Timeline

Hezekiah's Tunnel

Hijab

Hijra

Hiram, Operation

Histadrut

Hitnahlut

Hityashvut

Hizbullah

Hok Hashvut

Holocaust

Homa Umigdal

Horev, Operation

Hovevei Tzion

Hudna

Humanistic Judaism

ICA

IDF

Iasi Pogrom

Ijtihad

Immigrant Absorption

Immigration

Independent Liberal Party

Inquisition

Intifada

Irgun

Islamophobia

Islamic Jihad

Ismaili

Israel Labor party

Israel War of Independence

Itamar Massacre

Jabotinsky, Ze'ev (Valdimir)

Jahiliya

Jallabiyeh

JCA

Jedwabne Pogrom

Jerusalem

Jerusalem Syndrome

Jew

Jewish Agency

Jewish Brigade

Jewish Legion

Jewish National Fund 

Jewish Renewal

Jewish Revolt  (First Jewish Revolt)

Jewish Territorial Organization

Jews against Zionism

Jiftlik

Jihad

Jizyah

Jordan Legion

Josephus Flavius

Judaism

Judea

Judensau

Jund

Kaaba

Kadima Party

Kafiyeh

Kaftetnovember

Kahena, Diah

Kalischer, Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh (Kalisher)

Karaites

Katsav, Moshe

Katzir, Ephraim (Katchalski-Katzir, Ephraim)

Katznelson, Berl

Kaza

Keren Hayesod

Keren Kayemeth Leyisrael

Kharkov Conference

Khaybar

Kibbush Haavoda

Kibbush Hashmama

Kibbutz

Kibbutz Galuyot

Kielce pogrom

Klita

Kilshon, Operation

Kishinev Pogrom

Knesset

Knesset Yisrael

Kofer Hayishuv

Kovner, Abba

Kotel Hamaaravi

Kristallnacht

Labor Party

Labor Alignment Party

Labor Zionism

Land Question in Palestine

Ladino

Latrun

Law of Return

Lebanon War 2006

LEHI

Lehrs, Hugo

Levant

Liberal Party

Lieberman, Avigdor

Likud

Lisbon Massacre

Livni, Tzipi (Livni, Tzipora)

Lod Airport Massacre

Lot, operation

Ma Nishtana

Maabara

Maalot Massacre

Maarach Labor Alignment Party

Ma'apilim

Maccabi

MACHAL

Mahlul

Majlis

Maki - Israel Communist Party

Mandate

Mapai

MAPAM

Matruka

Marano

Marcus, Mickey (David Marcus)

Maronite

Marrano (or Marano)

Masada (Massada)

Massacres in Spain, Fourteenth Century

Mavi Marmara

Mawat

Mefkure

Megillat Haatzmaut

Meir, Golda

Menorah

Mercer, LaVon

Messiah

Messianic Jews

Messianism

Metzer Massacre

Miflegeth Ha'avoda- Israel Party

Milchemet Hahatasha

Milchemet Ha'atzmaut

Miqveh Yisrael

Miri

Mishmar Ha'emek, Battle

Mishna

Mizrachi

Mizug Galuyot

Moked, Operation

Morisson-Grady

Moshav

Moshava

Moshe Dayan

Mossad

Mulk

Musha

Nachshon, Operation

Nahal (Nachal)

National Democratic Assembly Party

National Union Party (Ichud Leumi)

Navon, Yitzhak(Izhak Navon)

Nebi Daniel Convoy

Nebi Musa (Nabi Musa)Nebi Musa Massacre Nebi Musa Riots

Negba

Netanyahu, Benjamin

Neturei Karta

NILI

Nirim (Battle of Nirim)

Nirtzah

Noah, Mordecai Manuel

Nordau, Max (Simon Maximillian Nordau)

NRP

Old Yishuv

Oleh

Olmert, Ehud

One-State

Operation Ayin

Operation Cast Lead

Operation Defensive Shield

Operation Focus

Operation Hiram

Operation Horev

Operation Kilshon

Operation Lot

Operation Moked

Operation Moses

Operation Nachshon

Operation Solomon

Operation Uvda

Operation Yoav

Orthodox Judaism

Oslo

Ozveshalom-Netivot Shalom

Palestine

Palestine Post Bombing

Palestinian

Palestinian Authority  

Palmach

Passover

Passover Massacre

Pastoureaux

Patria

Patterson, Colonel John Henry

Peel Commission

Peres, Shimon

Peretz, Amir

Pesah

PFLP

PFLP-GC

PICA

Pinsker, Leon

PLC

PLO

PNC

Pogrom

Pogroms, Russian Civil War

Poalei Tziyon

Political Parties, Israel

Political System, Israel

Political Zionism

Post Zionism

Post Zionist

Practical Zionism

Presidents of Israel

Progressive Party

Pronunciation, Hebrew

Proto-Zionist

Protocols of the Elders of Zion

Qadima Party

Quran

Qureish

Rabin, Yitzhak

Rachel's Tomb

Rakah (Rakah)- Israel Communist party

Ratz-Citizens Rights Movement Party

Reconstructionist Judaism

Reform Judaism

Reik, Haviva(Chaviva Reich)

Rejectionists

Religious Zionism

Remez, Aharon

Remez, David

Revisionism

Rindfleisch Massacres

Ruppin, Arthur

Russian Civil War Pogroms

Russian Pogroms - 1905

Safed Plunder of 1834

Salvador

Samaria

Samaritan

Sanjak

Sayeret Matkal

Sbarro Pizzeria Massacre

Second Aliya

Second Lebanon War

Secular Democratic State

Secular Humanistic Judaism

Seder (Passover Seder

Senesh, Hannah (Szenes)

Sephardic Jews 

Sereni, Enzo

Shaariah

Shabettai Tzvi

Shahid

Shalom

Shalom Achshav

Shamir, Yitzhak

Sharett, Moshe(Shertok)

Sharon, Ariel

Shas

Shayetet 13

Shazar, Zalman

Shekel

Shia

Shinui Party

Shiraz Pogrom and Blood Libel

Shoah

Shochat, Manya(Mania Sho'hat)

Sicarii

Simon of Trent (blood Libel)

Sinai Campaign

Six day war

SNS

Solomon, Operation

Spanish Massacres (Seville, 1391)

Spinoza, Baruch

Struma

Suez Campaign

Sufi

Sunni

Synthetic Zionism

Syrkin, Nahman

Szold, Henrietta

Talmud

Territorial Zionism

The Jewish State

Third Aliya

Tiberias

Tomb of Rachel (the matriarch)

Trans-Jordan Legion

Transliteration, Hebrew

Trumpeldor, Joseph

Ukrainian Pogroms - 1918-1921

Ulpan

United Arab List

UNSCOP

Ussishkin, Menachem

Uvda, Operation

Vaad Leumi

Vilna ghetto uprising

Wailing Wall

Wannsee Conference

Waqf

War of Attrition

War of Independence

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Weizman, Ezer

Weizmann, Chaim- President of Israel

Western Wall

White Paper

Wingate, Orde Charles (Charles Orde Wingate)

Ya'ad

Yachad

Yad Mordechai

Yehiam Convoy ( Yechiam Convoy)

Yehuda

Yesha

Yeshiva

Yevsektsia (Yevsekzia)

Yiddish

Yishuv

Yisrael Beiteynu Party

Yoav, Operation

Yom Ha'atzmaut

Yom Hashoah

Yom Hazicharon

Yom Kippur War

Youth Aliyah

Zion

Zion Mule Corps

Zionism

Zionist

Zionist Parachutists

Zionist Shekel

ZOG

Zohar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Copyright

Zionism and Israel Information Center 2005-2011



Hebrew/Arabic pronunciation and transliteration conventions:

'H - ('het) a guttural sound made deep in the throat. To Western ears it may sound like the "ch" in loch. In Arabic there are several letters that have similar sounds. Examples: 'hanukah, 'hamas, 'haredi. Formerly, this sound was often represented by ch, especially in German transliterations of Hebrew. Thus, 'hanukah is often rendered as Chanuka for example.

ch - (chaf) a sound like "ch" in loch or the Russian Kh as in Khruschev or German Ach, made by putting the tongue against the roof of the mouth. In Hebrew, a chaf can never occur at the beginning of a word. At the beginning of a word, it has a dot in it and is pronounced "Kaf."

u - usually between oo as in spoon and u as in put.

a- sounded like a in arm

ah- used to represent an a sound made by the letter hey at the end of a word. It is the same sound as a. Haganah and Hagana are alternative acceptable transliterations.

'a-notation used for Hebrew and Arabic ayin, a guttural ah sound.

o - close to the French o as in homme.

th - (taf without a dot) - Th was formerly used to transliterate the Hebrew taf sound for taf without a dot. However in modern Hebrew there is no detectable difference in standard pronunciation of taf with or without a dot, and therefore Histadruth and Histadrut, Rehovoth and Rehovot are all acceptable.

q- (quf) - In transliteration of Hebrew and Arabic, it is best to consistently use the letter q for the quf, to avoid confusion with similar sounding words that might be spelled with a kaf, which should be transliterated as K. Thus, Hatiqva is preferable to Hatikva for example.


Definitions of Zionism  General History of Zionism and the Creation of Israel   History of Israel and Zionism   Historical Source Documents of Israel and Zionism

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Copyright

This work and individual entries are copyright 2005 by Ami Isseroff and Zionism and Israel Information Center and may not reproduced in any form without permission unless explicitly noted otherwise. Individual entries may be cited with credit to The Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Zionism and Israel

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