Hagannah Foundation Doctrine


The Haganah was the Jewish clandestine defense force in Palestine, founded in 1920. The foundations doctrine ("Ushiyot") that is summarized below was apparently promulgated in 1920, with the approval of the Histadrut  at the foundation of the Hagannah. It is mentioned in the Hagannah oath, sworn upon induction of each new recruit. "Knesset Yisrael" mentioned in the doctrine, was the representative organization of the Yishuv (Jewish community in the land of Israel), including all factions other than the ultra-orthodox. It was organized in 1920, consisted of the assembly (aseyfat nivcharim - the gathering of representatives) and the Va'ad Leumi (National Council). 


The introduction above and the translation are copyright 2008 by Ami Isseroff. The Hebrew original material below is in the public domain.

Summary of the foundation doctrine of the Haganah"

"The Haganah organization is the armed force of the Jewish nation that is building its  political independence in the land of Israel."

"The "organization" is under the authority of the World Zionist Organization in cooperation with "Knesset Yisrael" (the Zionist assembly) in the land of Israel, stands ready to serve them and follows their orders. "

"Duties of the "organization. 1) Defense of the Hebrew Yishuv in the land of Israel against anyone who attacks its life, property or honor. 2) Defense of the Zionist endeavor and the political rights of the Jewish people in the land of Israel. 3) Defense of the Land of Israel against any enemy activity from abroad, in accordance with the possibilities and the political circumstances."   


" The 'organization' serves the entire people, the entire Yishuv and the entire Zionist movement. The flag of the organization is the national flag – blue and white. The national anthem and Hatikva is the national anthem of the 'organization.' The 'organization' is open to any Jew or Jewess who is willing and capable of carrying out the duty of national defense. "
"The organization is free of the laws of non-Jewish rule. Its existence, maintenance of arms and actions are dependent on strict secrecy. Anyone who violates this principle may pay with his life. "

 "The organization educates its members to be loyal to the people and the land, to love of liberty and to Hebrew national rebirth, to bravery in spirit, to steadfastness in the face of suffering, to readiness for sacrifice, to the value of human life, to honest of character, to simplicity and to human and Jewish culture. "

תמצית אשיות ההגנה:

·   "ארגון "ההגנה" מהווה את הכוח הצבאי של העם היהודי הבונה את עצמאותו המדינית בארץ ישראל".


·   "ה"ארגון" נתון למרותה של ההסתדרות הציונית העולמית בשיתוף 'כנסת ישראל' בארץ-ישראל, עומד לרשותן וסר לפקודתן".


·   "תפקידי 'הארגון': 1) הגנה על היישוב העברי בארץ-ישראל בפני כל מתנקש בנפשו, ברכושו ובכבודו. 2) הגנה על מפעל הגשמת הציונות ועל הזכויות המדיניות של העם היהודי בארץ-ישראל. 3) הגנה על ארץ-ישראל בפני כל פעולה אויבת מבחוץ בהתאם לאפשרויות ולמסיבות המדיניות".


·   "הארגון' משרת את כלל האומה, את כלל הישוב ואת כלל התנועה הציונית. דגלו של 'הארגון': הדגל הלאומי - תכלת לבן. ההימנון הלאומי והתקווה הוא הימנונו של ה'ארגון'. 'הארגון' פתוח לפני כל יהודי או יהודייה הנכון ומוכשר למלא את חובת ההגנה הלאומית".


·   "ה'ארגון' חופשי מחוקי שלטון בלתי-יהודי. קיומו, החזקת נשקו ופעולותיו מותנים בחשאיות קפדנית. העובר על עיקרון זה עלול להתחייב בנפשו".


·   "ה'ארגון' מחנך את חבריו לנאמנות לעם ולארץ, לאהבת החירות, לקוממיות עברית, לעוז רוח, לעמידה בפני סבל ונגישות, לנכונות של הקרבה, להוקרת חיים אדם, ליושר אופי, לפשטות ההווי, לתרבות אנושית ויהודית". 

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