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The King James Version

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Song of Songs

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The Song of Songs, or Song of Solomon, is traditionally attributed to King Solomon, but may have actually been written between 500 to 300 B.C.E

The title is newer than the text. Jewish tradition interprets the explicit love poetry as an expression of God's love for the Jewish people. In modern times it is understood by many to be simply a love poem. Consistent with replacement theology or supersessionism (see  Christian Zionism)  Christians traditionally interpret the Song of Songs as an expression of Christ's love for the Church. Many of the verses have become popular songs in modern Israel. In medieval times, many parts of the Song of Songs were amalgamated into the cult of Mary and were used in the "Hours." The woodcut at right shows an illustration used in such horae. See Song of Songs: Cult of Mary Song of Songs: Mariolatry

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Song of Songs Chapter 2

SONG OF SONGS 2:1 I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.

SONG OF SONGS 2:2 As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.*

SONG OF SONGS 2:3 As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste.

SONG OF SONGS 2:4 He brought me to the banqueting house, and his banner over me was love.

SONG OF SONGS 2:5 Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples: for I am sick of love.

SONG OF SONGS 2:6 His left hand is under my head, and his right hand doth embrace me.

SONG OF SONGS 2:7 I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.

SONG OF SONGS 2:8 The voice of my beloved! behold, he cometh leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills.**

SONG OF SONGS 2:9 My beloved is like a roe or a young hart: behold, he standeth behind our wall, he looketh forth at the windows, shewing himself through the lattice.

SONG OF SONGS 2:10 My beloved spake, and said unto me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away.

SONG OF SONGS 2:11 For, lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and gone;

SONG OF SONGS 2:12 The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle*** is heard in our land;

SONG OF SONGS 2:13 The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines with the tender grape give a good smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.

SONG OF SONGS 2:14 O my dove, that art in the clefts of the rock, in the secret places of the stairs, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet is thy voice, and thy countenance is comely.

SONG OF SONGS 2:15 Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vines: for our vines have tender grapes.

SONG OF SONGS 2:16 My beloved is mine, and I am his: he feedeth among the lilies.****

SONG OF SONGS 2:17 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, and be thou like a roe or a young hart upon the mountains of Bether.


*"As a lily among the thorns" - In Hebrew -  Keshoshana beyin Ha'hochim - part of a well known song.

**"Voice of my beloved" - In Hebrew - Kol Dodi - part of a well a well known song. 

***"Voice of the turtle" - In Hebrew Kol Hator - very likely a mistranslation for "voice of the turtle-dove." That is how it is understood in modern Hebrew.

****" My beloved is mine, and I am his: he feedeth among the lilies." - In Hebrew -"Dodi li Va-ani lo, HaRo-eh bashoshanim" - part of a well known song. HaRo-eh is better translated as "pastures" than "feeds."

The interpretations below are taken from the 1599 edition of the Geneva Bible (see History of the King James Version) which preceded the King James Version. They reflect Christian theology, and also show us the differences between the King James Version and the Geneva Bible.

2:2 As the lily among thorns, so [is] my {a} love among the daughters.
(a) Thus Christ prefers his Church above all other things.

2:3 {b} As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so [is] my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit [was] sweet to my taste.
(b) The spouse testifies her great desire toward her husband, but her strength fails her, and therefore she desires to be comforted, and felt it.

2:7 {c} I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not, nor awake [my] love, till he please.
(c) Christ charges them who have to do in the Church as it were by a solemn oath, that they trouble not the quietness of it.

2:8 {d} The voice of my beloved! behold, he cometh leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills.
(d) This is spoken of Christ who took on our nature to come to help his Church.

2:9 My beloved is like a roe or a young hart: behold, he {e} standeth behind our wall, he looketh forth at the windows, gazing himself through the {f} lattice.
(e) For as his divinity was hidden under the cloak of our flesh.
(f) So that we cannot have full knowledge of him in this life.

2:11 For, lo, the {g} winter is past, the rain is over [and] gone;
(g) That is, sin and error is driven back by the coming of Christ, who is here described by the springtime, when all things flourish.

2:14 O my dove, [that art] in the {h} clefts of the rock, in the secret [places] of the stairs, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet [is] thy voice, and thy countenance [is] comely.
(h) You who are ashamed of your sins, come and show yourself to me.

2:15 Take for us the foxes, the {i} little foxes, that spoil the vines: for our vines [have] tender grapes.
(i) Suppress the heretics while they are young, that is, when they begin to show their malice, and destroy the vine of the Lord.

2:17 Until the day shall break, and the shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, and be thou like a {k} roe or a young hart upon the mountains of Bether.
(k) The church desires Christ to be most ready to help her in all dangers.

 


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The bible and Zionism

The Bible, the Old Testament, has become a mainstay of human culture, but it is first and foremost a historical document of the Jewish people and our culture. It tells the story of our ancient kingdoms and civilization in the Land of Israel, and therefore it kept alive the tie of the people of Israel to the land of Israel for 2000 years. It forms the moral and cultural basis of Zionist ideology and aspirations.

The Bible, the Old Testament, is accepted by the three major Western faiths. It is a major work of Western civilization. The Bible documents the historic connection of the Jewish people to the land of Israel, even for those who do not believe that the Bible is the literal word of God, and even for those who do not believe in God at all. It is the historic epic of the Jewish people in our land.  

Additional Background

Map - Canaan Before the Hebrews

Map - Canaan and the Early Israelite Kingdom

Map - The kingdoms of Israel and Judea; Judea and Samaria in the time of Jesus

Samaria  Judea

Map of Palestine 1845 - Showing biblical and contemporary sites

Jews, Jewish Religion, anti-Semitism the Talmud and Zionism

Map of Canaan (Israel) in the time of Joshua (Black and White)
Map of ancient Canaan (Palestine) after the Conquest by the Israelites
Palestine (Israel, Canaan) in the Time of the Judges
Map of Ancient Israel (Canaan) in the reigns of Kings David and Solomon (Black and White)
Map of Judah (Judea) in the Divided Kingdom
Map of Judah (Judea) in the Maccabean Kingdom of Alexander Janeus (Yannai)
Map of the Roman Province of Judea

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